Before diving into types of ecosystem. Let us know about who given word ecosystem, its definition and how is an ecosystem formed ?
Ecosystem word given by Sir Arthur George Tansley was an English Botanist and a pioneer in the science of ecology.
An ecosystem may be defined as a geographical area where all living and non-living biological communities survive and interact with each other to be a part of nature.
We co-exist with millions of living and non-living things in this world. The universe is filled with beautiful things that are beyond our imagination. There are millions of organisms we aren’t even aware of at this point. These various organisms make an ecosystem and have a conclusive co-dependence with each other.
The Ecosystem we live in is nature’s design of keeping the emblem cycle of life flowing through the elements of the Ecosystem. But how exactly is an ecosystem formed? and what an ecosystem consists of It is basically a process of nature to keep the biosphere going and maintain balance in the world.
What are the different types of Ecosystem:
1. Terrestrial Ecosystem –
Forest: The terrestrial Ecosystem includes wild and exuberant animals of the woods. Forest is home to millions of species, including wild tigers, lions, and elephants, as well as tiny snails, snakes, spiders and turtles. The enormous variety of extremes of species in the forest is beyond our comprehension.
It is said that millions of species are yet to be discovered by scientists that recede in the woods. These forests are also rich in unknown plant species yet to be known to humanity. The plants in the forest are wild and spirited, and most are also insect eaters. Thus, survival in forests is difficult.
Desert: Desert has extreme weather conditions making it a home for all those organisms whose body is mainly inhabitant to intake such extreme heat conditions. Animals like camels, jackrabbits, desert deer, etc can survive in severe weather with less hydrating elements available in the deserts. Now you know why camels have a bump on their back.
Deserts have an oasis as a part of their Ecosystem, a specific set of plants like cactus that require significantly less water to survive, and their roots dive deep inside the earth to extract water. Isn’t it amusing?
Mountain: Mountain species come with exceptional qualities of movement and adherence. The animals here are well equipped with different ways to climb mountains and know the region’s dangers and how to overcome them. A few examples of mountain animals are elk, moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, mountain goats etc. Depending on their climatic conditions, mountains are a region with many plants. The mountain plants have solid grip properties and can withstand highly extreme temperatures.
Grassland: Grassland animals are the happiest of the lot. They have habitats that are extremely animal friendly and easy to cope with. The grassland species live in comparatively lesser dangerous terrains. The only danger they live in is being a meal to other animals which is a part of the cycle of the Ecosystem.
These animals include Elephants, bison, cheetahs, gazelles, lions, and tigers. As the name suggests, grasslands are beautiful terrains of greenery that is a delight to your eyes. Plants of different species grow and build homes here in Greenland, spreading across acres of land.
2. Aquatic Ecosystem –
Marine: The aquatic animals that live in the deepest oceans with the deadliest structures serve as an aquatic Ecosystem. The shrubs and tiny plants that grow in the sea deep down are known as seagrass and coastal plants. They together summon the marine ecosystem that you can beautifully look through while scuba diving.
Freshwater: Freshwater ecosystems usually consist of very tiny fishes that reside in groups, the ones that don’t survive in big oceans. These waters have lesser plants included in the Ecosystem but a variety of fishes, crabs and frogs that are harmless and perfect for picnic spots.
This brings us to the end of understanding ecosystems and the various types of ecosystems. Now we know how an ecosystem is formed and how humans are co-related to one another. Nalanda school, the best school in Hyderabad, brings a diverse curriculum to make students understand all the concepts of subjects clearly.